Melanin, the pigment in human skin is produced by cells in dermal region called melanocytes. Abnormal amounts or distribution of this pigment can lead to a variety of skin disorders.
Types of skin pigment problems
Exposure to the Suns Ultraviolet light damages the skin in numerous ways including stimulating melanin production resulting in freckles and sun spots.
A variety of hereditary or genetically determined skin pigment disorders exist. These include Cafe au Lait spots, Naevus of Ota, Becker’s Nevus, Hori’s Macules and other birth marks (excluding Strawberry nevus).
Secondary to medication
Some medications including long term Doxycycline, Minocycline and others can lead to a derangement of skin pigmentation.
Laser treatment of pigment disorder
Using the focus lens on our Picosure laser we are able to deliver higher energy into the dermis than ever before. The melanin (pigment) in the dermis absorbs the laser energy resulting in breakdown and removal of the pigment in a similar way to laser removal of tattoo ink. By delivering the energy into the deeper layers of the skin without damaging the overlying skin the pigment can be reduced over several treatments with no open wounds, skin breakdown or down time. This dramatically reduces the risk of side effects such as infection or scaring. The skin may be red post treatment for a few hours only.
No treatment can be successful if sun exposure continues. Repeat exposre will result in a return of the pigment so the use of high quality sun screen is essential. We use and recommend the UltraMD range by Ultraceuticals. These products are only available at medically run clinics and our Nurses will advise you on their use. Find out more about our recommended skincare products here.